China and the Islamic World

China is building a New Silk Road that runs through the heartland of the Muslim world, promising it will create integrated economies and stronger ties across Eurasia and Africa. Robert R. Bianchi argues that while China has the financial and technical resources to accomplish its infrastructure goals, it is woefully unprepared to deal with the social and political demands of its partner countries’ citizens.
China’s leaders have responded to these challenges with a contradictory blend of flexibility abroad and rigidity at home, compromising with popular demands in one country after another while refusing to negotiate many of the same issues with their own citizens. This book shows that the New Silk Road is not a one way street.

Reviews

“A unique, imaginative overview of contemporary China’s evolving relations with the Islamic world. This comprehensive study is packed with up-to-date data. It has the great virtue of being lively, engaging, and at times provocative, but always remaining informative — Kerry Brown, King’s College London

“Robert Bianchi’s latest work is a very well-researched account of China’s Belt Road Initiative in the Islamic world. Charting a steady distance from both the exaggerated rhetoric of Chinese hegemony and the panglossian flourish of a ‘win-wing,’ he documents the multi-sided vulnerabilities and risks involved in every single engagement.” — Prasenjit Duara, Duke University

“Robert Bianchi’s highly informed account based upon sources ranging from historical scholarship to contemporary news commentaries reveals China’s economic and political relations to a number of Islamic countries, each marked by its own features that together form strands of a new world regional space he calls Afro-Eurasia. This is a valuable work on what globalization means when connections among non-Western world regions are remaking the world we all live in.” — R. Bin Wong, UCLA

“a must-read for the students, scholars, and policy makers who want to know more about the multipronged and multifaceted nature of China’s engagement with the Muslim world.” — Manochehr Dorraj, Texas Christian University, Middle East Journal

” Different from most Chinese scholars’ research on inter-state relations, Bianchi touches down upon the BRI’s impact on ordinary people…The initiative is, by nature, a global economic blueprint…Yet, it is hard for leaders in Beijing to transform the world without turning their own society upside down in the process. “China’s statecraft is struggling with a split personality—daring and imaginative in foreign relations, but timid and paralyzed in domestic governance.” — Sun Degang, Fudan University, Journal of Islamic Studies

《中国与伊斯兰世界:“一带一路”如何改变全球政治》

https://www.fx361.com/page/2021/0620/8491279.shtml

2019-08-04 09:34 对外传播 2019年6期 关键词:穆斯林倡议伊斯兰

作者罗伯特·比安奇(Robert R. Bianchi),美国芝加哥大学法学院教授,主要研究方向是中国与穆斯林世界。2006年至2009年,牵头创办南京大学—约翰·霍普金斯大学中美文化研究中心国际法硕士项目。2011年至2014年,在新加坡国立大学成立中东研究协会。2015年成为上海外国语大学中东研究所富布莱特高级访问学者。

作者在书中分析了中国与巴基斯坦、土耳其、印度尼西亚、伊朗、尼日利亚、埃及6个穆斯林国家的关系,阐述了中国与穆斯林国家关系现状,认为“一带一路”构建了新型平等协作的关系网,提出伊斯兰世界将借助“一带一路”实现崛起、穆斯林国家更愿意与谦和务实的中国做伙伴的观点,同时指出“一带一路”建设中面临着一些挑战和问题。

作者认为,美国对于中国和穆斯林世界的态度总是充满焦虑,这种焦虑是因为假象、主观臆断和媒体歪曲报道造成的。如果美国领导人仍坚守旧有霸权或者不断防范新兴国家的政策,美国将忽略国家治理能力的提升,也将错过多极化世界带来的重大机遇。作者建议,美国应克服对中国和穆斯林国家夸大的战略焦慮。不然,美国和盟友将会发现,自己反而成了遏制中国和攻击穆斯林国家的最大受害者。

作者认为,尽管中国在亚欧非大区域联合中扮演领头羊角色,但中国无法掌控“一带一路”全程,伊斯兰世界将因“一带一路”建设实现崛起。作者表示,如今美欧出现种族主义和反伊斯兰主义,中国包容和谐的世界观对非白人和非基督徒非常具有吸引力。因此,穆斯林国家更愿意和谦和务实的中国做伙伴。

作者认为,“一带一路”倡议是一项世界各国共同发展的计划,沿线国家和地区之间相互影响和促进。中国影响着沿线国家及其人民,沿线国家也会影响中国。在全球治理体系变革方面,中国需要与美国联手,也需要与穆斯林国家合作。在这样的背景下,“一带一路”最终会变成各地区共同发展之路及沿线国家和人民的共商共建共享。中国领导人清楚,“一带一路”倡议不是中国的独唱,而是沿线国家的大合唱。作者建议,中国要尽量找到“一带一路”倡议和沿线国家项目的契合点,要意识到穆斯林伙伴各有各的雄心,最好的合作方式是分享权力,中国政策制定者逐渐了解穆斯林国家对伟大和公平的向往,穆斯林国家不愿意成为任何外部势力的附庸,中国在接触中要一步步学习与穆斯林国家打交道。面对“一带一路”建设中的问题与挑战,作者建议中国选择权力分享的包容性框架,团结沿线各民族人民,推进“一带一路”顺畅发展,只有当中国和沿线国家都认识到新丝绸之路属于所有人时,“一带一路”才能成为真正的国际公共产品,推动沿线国家的共同发展。

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